What is the significance of lighting Traditional Lamps?
Light symbolizes knowledge and Isana is the origin of knowledge. Knowledge is the everlasting wealth that is capable of removing ignorance just as the light removes darkness. An oil lamp is lit to bow down to knowledge as the greatest of all forms. The oil or ghee in the lamp symbolizes our vasanaas or vices and the cotton wick, the ego. When lit by spiritual knowledge, the vasanas get slowly exhausted and the ego too perishes. The flame of a lamp always burns upwards and similarly one should acquire such knowledge as to take us towards higher ideals.
It's a tradition to light a lamp first before starting any auspicious events or rituals. Light symbolizes the absence of darkness, grief & unhappiness. Almighty's divine grace is spread all over the house by lighting the lamps. God’s first and foremost appearance is in the form of Light which we call as 'Divya Jyotir' or "Divine Light".
Before starting our daily prayers, we light the Oil lamp by chanting a shloka:
Subham Karoti Kalyanam, Arogyam Dhana Sampadah, Shatru Buddhi Vinashaya
Deepa Jyotir Namostute.
" I salute the One who is the lamplight that brings auspiciousness; prosperity, good health, abundance of wealth, and the destruction of the intellect’s enemy (6 enemies - Kama, krodha, lobha, moha, mada and matsarya)".
After lighting the lamp we chant the following
shloka or prayer:
Deepajyothi Parabrahma, Deepajyothi Janardhana, Deepo me hara tu paapam, Deepa Jyothir Namostute
I salute the Brahman, the sustainer of the creation, in the form of this light. I salute the Lord, may He destroy afflictions resulting from my omissions and commissions.
Cotton Wicks and their significance:
Single wick (Eka Mukha Deepam) for normal benefit.
Two wicks (Dwimukha deepam) brings harmony and peace in the family and relatives.
Three wicks (Trimukha Deepam) Blesses with progeny.
Four wicks (Chathurmukha deepam) brings allround prosperity and Sumptuous food.
Five wicks (Panchamkukha deepam) showers akhanda aishwaryam or Wealth.
Six wicks (Shanmukha deepam) blesses with Akhanda Gyana (Knowledge) & Vairagyam (Renunciation).
Directions for lighting lamps and their importance :
North - For success in all ventures undertaken. Most preferable direction to place and light a lamp.
East – For good health and peace of mind.
West – For freedom from debts and victory over enemies
South - Never light a lamp in the south direction. It is considered inauspicious.
Lost wax method technique
-It’s divided into four distinct stages namely
Creation of the wax model:
The first step in the process is to create a wax model .The model is an exact replica of what the finished bronze piece will look like .The Percentage of bee’s wax is greater giving the wax more of a golden coloration. Most or all of the work in the creation of the wax mold is done outdoors especially on the larger pieces .
This makes our artists very dependent on the weather.
First the general shape of the model is produce in wax. Then a fire is used to heat a smooth metal file. The heated file is then moved up and down the wax piece to shaped the details of the model. In larger piece are done separately to maintain the integrity of the piece in the heat of India.
Once the various pieces are completed they are carefully assembled to form the final wax model. Using the flame of a lamp the connecting points are heated do that they can be melted together. With the artist’s finger, the arm joint with smoothed to fit with the torso and the torso smoothed to fit with the base .Once completed the wax model are placed into water to ensure that they do not loose shape in the Indian sunny climate.
Stage Forming the Mold:
Forming the Mold:-There are three steps required to make the actual mold that covers the wax figure for casting of the bronze statues ,The term “Mold” refers to the hollow clay from that will be filled with molten bronze to form the figure. In the first step ,White clay know as china clay’s is mixed with water to make a thin solution .This solution has a fine consistency which allows it to peak up the finer features of the was model. This solution has a fine
consistency which allows it to pick up the finer features of the wax model .This solution is then painted onto each wax model using a paintbrush and then allowed to dry for two days .This process is repeated twice .For the second step a one to two centimeter pasty mixture is applied to the outside of the model by hand .Once the paste is dried . Holes are made at the bottom of the mold, which allow thin rods of wax to be attached to wax base of the statue. These thin rods serve as a passageway, they allow for the molten bronze to be poured into the mold and as an avenue for the displaced air to escape out of the mold.
For the third step, a third and final coating of rice husk, sand and clay is used to cover the entire surface of the piece. This is the final coating of the mold, applied to increase the thickness of the mold and to cover the nails, which were inserted in the previous step. Small, cup like reservoirs are formed above each nails to allow for the metal to be poured into the mold without spilling it.
Casting the Mold--3rd stage:
In reality, kings, the wealthy, and temples were the only people
and institutions with enough money to create true, five metal (panchaloha), bronze deities. The five metals were gold, silver, copper, brass and lead.
For contemporary bronzes; copper, brass and lead are the three main ingredients. Copper contains small amounts of
gold and silver so technically today’s bronzes are four metal bronzes. Copper is a necessary element in bronze because copper offers more malleability than other metals. This gives the sculptor a metal he can work with after the casting process to make the subtle alterations needed for a beautiful, finished piece.
As a general rule, approximately 220-260 pounds of bronze are cast at one time. The raw, unheated bronze is placed into egg shaped containers
Once the molds and bronze containers are ready for firing, they are placed into the oven with the molds on the top and the
containers on the bottom. The molds are positioned with the nalis facing downward allowing the wax to “burn out” after the
oven is heated. Hence the name “lost wax method”.
To melt the bronze a temperature of at least 1800 degrees Fahrenheit is needed for approximately two to three hours .Once the firing is completed the molds are removed with the nails .facing upwards. Forceps are used to pick up the containers with the melted bronze so that the bronze can be poured into the molds through one of the nails.
Containers with the melted bronze, to melt the bronze a temperature of at least 1800 degrees Fahrenheit is needed
Finishing the Piece-- 4th
After allowing the molds to cool for at least two hours, the bronze can be uncovered by chipping the layers of coating away.
The entire statue is filed. There is almost always some small defect associated
with the entire casting process. Air can be trapped in the mold creating a gap in the bronze or a piece can break off when the bronze is freed from the mold. Delicate reconstructive surgery takes place by heating up strips of metal to fill in the holes. This process is difficult and does not always succeed in solving the problem. For this reason a perfectly cast sculpture with no defects and perfect proportion is a prized piece since only masters of the art of bronze casting can achieve perfection in the entire process.
After being repaired and further filed down, the statue is sanded and buffed to remove any scratches and give the finished piece a shine. Care, precision, time and above all artistic ability are vital ingredients to practicing the lost wax method of bronze casting.
Final finished product
Kundalini Yog there are seven principle chakras or energy centers in the human being. These chakras influence practically every aspect of human being including physical body, mind and intellect. The oil lamp is effective in purification of Muladhar and Swadhishthan Chakra only to certain extent but the ghee lamp purifies Manipur and Anahat chakras to a significant extent.
Just as there are seven chakras in the human body, there are paths for the flow of vital energy (chetana). These are called as Nadis or channels. The three principle nadis are Chandra nadi (Moon channel), Surya nadi (Sun channel) and Sushumna nadi.When Chandra nadi is active the person perceives coolness. The activation of Surya nadi imparts energy to the person. The Sushumna nadi is activated when the person starts progressing spiritually. The oil lamp activates the Surya nadi of the person while ghee lamp activates only that nadi which is essential to the worshipper in a particular action.
There are other varieties of the lamps also such as lamp with a single wick and lamp called niranjan wherein five wicks are used. The Niranjan with five wicks is symbolic of duality that is the manifest energy of a deity; whereas the lamp with a single wick attracts sattvik frequencies the lamp with five wicks attracts waves with destroyer property and dominant in raja component.
The niranjan with five wicks denotes the relation of Panchpran (five vital air principles) with the Atmajyoti (flame of soul). Niranjan is used for waving Pancharati. Every single flame of niranjan is symbolic of Atmajyoti. Pancharti means invocation of God with the help of panchparanas.While performing Pancharti we should have such a spiritual emotion that the Atmajyoti is kindled in me with the help of five panchaprans present in the body and I am performing the arti with such flame.
How to bring positive energy to your home
Sun’s energy is trapped by plants which store that in form of oil in seeds. That sun’s energy is released by
burning oil in a lamp. The released energy of the sun should be insulated from going to the earth. So an
insulating washable spread is kept underneath the lamp. Light from Lamp depicts the “Sun” in our home
which brightens our intellect like light in the dark. It dissipates ignorance, fear, depression, and all other
negative energy and brings light of positive energy. All the planets (grahas) revolve around the Sun.
Therefore bringing the Sun’s energy in the form of Oil-lamp light in. home, will bring all the positive
vibrations of planets in our home and bring peace and happiness , good health and fortune.
Different types of traditional lamps
The light in the lamp symbolizes knowledge. It removes darkness, which symbolizes ignorance. Thus light symbolizes Brahman.
a symbolic meaning attached to the lighting of the traditional lamp
The light in the lamp symbolizes knowledge. It removes darkness, which symbolizes ignorance. Thus light symbolizes Brahman.
The wick in the traditional oil lamp symbolizes ego and the oil or ghee used symbolizes our negative tendencies. When we are lit by self knowledge, the negative tendencies (oil) melt away and finally the ego (wick) perishes. When the ego perishes, we realize that we are all the Supreme Truth.
Paavai Vilakku :
(Lamp in the form of a lady holding vessel with her Palms depicting graceful and perfect crafting of her mood )
Its Believed the Roman settlers in south India initiated first this kind of lamps and later our artisans modified further by adoring it with ornamentations and elaborately designed work of art by hands etc. These types of lamp come in different sizes and style starts from 2 feet to 16 Feet.
Astha Lakshmi Vilakku :
Astha Lakshmi Vilakku= its small splendid brass lamp 4x2 inches, with a depiction of 8 forms of Goddess Lakshmi embossed in it which are conceded as eight sources of wealth. Ashta Lakshmi of the Eight Lakshmis is Adi Lakshmi (Mother Lakshmi), Dhanya Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Grains), Dhairya Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Courage), Gaja Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Elephants), Santana Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Progeny), Vijaya Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Victory), Vidhya Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Knowledge), and Dhana Lakshmi (Lakshmi of Wealth)
Lighting of ASHTALAKSHMI Lamp will bring in all kinds of prosperity, health, good fortune and power which are bestow by her who seek her grace.
Brass Ornamental Branches Anna Pakshi /Ganesh Lamp :
Lighting of these lamps simply brightens the place and also creates ambiance to the surrounding or specialized area, designed to give a mesmerizing appearance.
These lamps have an artistic expression of the craftsman & co-ordinates well with traditional as well as contemporary decors.
The centre stem which is support to whole lamps out of which three step plate branch shoots out with extension of small hanging lamps.
This lamps are given metal finishing shining touch with entire lamps is carved handmade designs by our traditional artisans..
This traditional lamp are used commonly in Kerala, The word Nilavilakku derived from Malayalam Language which mean Nilam (Ground) and Vilakku (Lamp)
This lamp is integral to all the rituals and ceremonies as it’s believed to be auspicious,
As per traditional goes as the dusk creeps in , young girls of the family bring the lighted lamps to the verandah of the house and in the flickering lights of this lamp she is joined by the children and elders of the family in chanting hymns and evening prayers
Brass vaasal Maalai Lamp :
In Tamil Language Vaasal (Entrance door) Maalai (garland) These lamp mostly used by mythological temple door to get mesmerizing magical look and also for very special occasions at function hall or house to get ethnic atmosphere.
Can be dismantled and assembled as per the occasion need there are two side panels and one top panel as seen in the photograph.
Brass Kamachi Lamp/Deepalakshmi :
its small splendid brass lamp with a depiction of Goddess Lakshmi embossed in it .They are exquisitely crafted and designed with perfection to each and every details.
In Hinduism Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, light and fortune,
Goddess Lakshmi means Good Luck to Hindus. The word 'Lakshmi' is derived from the Sanskrit word "Laksya", meaning 'aim' or 'goal', and she is the goddess of wealth and prosperity, both material and spiritual.
Lighting of Kamachi Lamp will bring in all kinds of prosperity, health, good fortune and power which are bestow by her who seek her grace
Kuthu vilakku -(Five nozzles traditional brass lamps/deya) :
LUMINO ART Five Nozzle traditional brass lamps (Kuthu Vilakku) are manufactured following brass casting method. Size of brass lamps (Kuthu Vilakku) starts from 2 up to 16 feet with hand carved designs in it.
Significance and Traditional facts of lighting brass lamps (Kutu Vilakku)
Five nozzle traditional kuthu vilakku has been in use from the days of raja raja Cholas or perhaps even earlier .When the British East India company began to rule south India as its featured in some of the coins that were minted during those period,
Lighting of traditional brass lamps is believed to radiate heat and light energy. The regular movement of the flame in traditional lamps is highly effective in passing out the positive energy to the surrounding nearby it’s been lit.
Importance of kuthu Vilakku
(Five Nozzles lamp)Ancient scriptures from Vedic period does state the five nozzles of traditional lamps denote the five main elements that represents the five elements of nature- Earth, Water.Fire,Air and Sky ,The five nozzles are also said to denote the five main elements needed for a successful life – Health, Wealth ,Learning ,Courage and longevity.
Anna pakshi/mystic swan/hamsa:
Birds that look like peacock/Swan but not actually Swan/Peacocks, these birds are said to be mystical white colour birds that live in heaven, known for the purity. They are said to be so pure that if you keep milk mixed with water, they can separate water from milk and drink only pure milk. Saraswati is also referred to as Hamsavahini which means she who has a hamsa as her vehicle.
Hence it is good to light Hamsa lamp at those houses were kids are under studying stage.